The CSB issues safety recommendations to prevent the recurrence or reduce the likelihood or consequences of similar incidents or hazards in the future. Recommendations are issued to a variety of parties, including government entities, safety organizations, trade unions, trade associations, corporations, emergency response organizations, educational institutions, and public interest groups. Recommendations are published in CSB reports and are closed only by vote of the Board. The CSB tracks all recommendations and communicates regularly with recommendations recipients to ensure that the recommended corrective actions are implemented.

For more information, see Frequently Asked Questions about CSB recommendations.


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Recommendations

Hayes Lemmerz Dust Explosions and Fire (20 Recommendations)
Aluminum Association, Inc. (2 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-12

Conduct research into the feasibility and design of improved explosion protection for aluminum dust collector applications, including explosion venting, isolation and suppression systems. Coordinate this research activity with the Fire Protection Research Foundation.


Status: Closed - Unacceptable Action/No Response Received
Closed - Unacceptable Action/No Response Received (C - UA/NRR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation and the Board concludes that further correspondence on, or discussion of, the matter would not change the recipient?s position.
 

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2004-1-I-IN-13

Communicate the findings and recommendations of this report to your members


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

PDF Document Download

Fire Protection Research Foundation (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-11

Conduct research into the feasibility and design of improved explosion protection for aluminum dust collector applications, including explosion venting, isolation and suppression systems. Coordinate this research activity with the Aluminum Association, Inc.


Status: Closed - Reconsidered/Superseded
Closed - Reconsidered/Superseded (C - R/S) - Recipient rejects the recommendation and also supports the rejection with a rationale with which the Board concurs. This designation may apply when later facts indicate that the concerns expressed in the recommendation were actually addressed prior to the incident, or when a recommendation is superseded by a new, more appropriate recommendation.
 

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Hayes-Lemmerz International (HLI) (2 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-6

Conduct regular audits of all North American facilities that produce, process, or handle aluminum chips or dust, in light of the findings of this report. Emphasize engineering, hazard, and MOC reviews and compliance with NFPA-484. Ensure that: audits are documented and contain findings and recommendations, audit findings are shared with the work force at the facility, and audit recommendations are tracked and implemented.


Status: Closed - No Longer Applicable
Closed - No Longer Applicable (C - NLA) - Due to subsequent events, the recommendation action no longer applies (e.g., the facility was destroyed or the company went out of business).
 

2004-1-I-IN-7

Communicate the findings and recommendations of this report to the work force at Hayes and other HLI facilities with similar operations.


Status: Closed - No Longer Applicable
Closed - No Longer Applicable (C - NLA) - Due to subsequent events, the recommendation action no longer applies (e.g., the facility was destroyed or the company went out of business).
 

Hayes-Lemmerz International- Huntington, Indiana (5 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-1

Develop and implement a means of handling and processing aluminum chips that minimizes the risk of dust explosions. Refer to: 1. The Aluminum Association Pamphlet F-1, Guidelines for Handling Aluminum Fines Generated During Various Aluminum Fabricating Operations. 2. NFPA 484, Standard for Combustible Metals, Metal Powders, and Metal Dusts.


Status: Closed - No Longer Applicable
Closed - No Longer Applicable (C - NLA) - Due to subsequent events, the recommendation action no longer applies (e.g., the facility was destroyed or the company went out of business).
 

2004-1-I-IN-2

Implement a program to provide regular training for all facility employees on the fire and explosion hazards of aluminum dust.


Status: Closed - No Longer Applicable
Closed - No Longer Applicable (C - NLA) - Due to subsequent events, the recommendation action no longer applies (e.g., the facility was destroyed or the company went out of business).
 

2004-1-I-IN-3

Develop and implement policies and procedures for conducting engineering, hazard, and management of change (MOC) reviews of plant projects and modifications to support systems such as chip processing. In particular, ensure that a hazard analysis is conducted during the design phase, as well as during the engineering and construction phases, and when changes are made to the system.


Status: Closed - No Longer Applicable
Closed - No Longer Applicable (C - NLA) - Due to subsequent events, the recommendation action no longer applies (e.g., the facility was destroyed or the company went out of business).
 

2004-1-I-IN-4

Implement a program to conduct management reviews of incidents and near-miss incidents, including duct fires and dust flashes. Apply this program to all plant areas, including support areas such as chip processing. Address the root causes of the incidents and near-misses and implement and track corrective measures.


Status: Closed - No Longer Applicable
Closed - No Longer Applicable (C - NLA) - Due to subsequent events, the recommendation action no longer applies (e.g., the facility was destroyed or the company went out of business).
 

2004-1-I-IN-5

Develop and implement written operating procedures for chip processing and train all affected employees. Ensure that procedures address maintenance and housekeeping.


Status: Closed - No Longer Applicable
Closed - No Longer Applicable (C - NLA) - Due to subsequent events, the recommendation action no longer applies (e.g., the facility was destroyed or the company went out of business).
 

Indiana Department of Homeland Security (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-10

Provide training for fire inspectors in Indiana jurisdictions on the recognition and prevention of aluminum dust explosion hazards.


Status: Closed - Unacceptable Action/No Response Received
Closed - Unacceptable Action/No Response Received (C - UA/NRR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation and the Board concludes that further correspondence on, or discussion of, the matter would not change the recipient?s position.
 

Indiana Occupational Safety and Health Administration (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-9

Develop and distribute an educational bulletin on the prevention of metal dust explosions.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

International Code Council (ICC) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-20

Communicate findings, recommendations and sections applicable to fire codes and standards to your membership.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-16

Communicate the findings and recommendations of this report to your membership who work in facilities with similar combustible dust hazards.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

National Association of State Fire Marshals (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-18

Communicate findings, recommendations and sections applicable to fire codes and standards to your membership.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-19

Communicate findings, recommendations and sections applicable to fire codes and standards to your membership.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

North American Die Casting Association (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-15

Communicate the findings and recommendations of this report to your members


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Premelt Systems (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-8

Communicate the findings and recommendations of this investigation to owners/operators of facilities to which Premelt supplies similar aluminum chip-melting systems. Include in your communication specific information that the chip drying process liberates small particles of aluminum, and that such particles may be explosive.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Risk and Insurance Management Society (RIMS) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-14

Communicate the findings and recommendations of this report to your members


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

United Steelworkers of America (USWA) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 27, 2005

2004-1-I-IN-17

Communicate the findings and recommendations of this report to your membership who work in facilities with similar combustible dust hazards.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Herrig Brothers Farm Propane Tank Explosion (9 Recommendations)
Fire Service Institute of Iowa State University (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: June 23, 1999

1998-007-I-IA-7

Ensure that fire fighter training materials address proper response procedures for BLEVEs.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Herring Brothers Farm (2 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: June 23, 1999

1998-007-I-IA-1

Install protection (i.e., fencing or barricades) to protect aboveground propane pipes from possible damage from vehicles.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

1998-007-I-IA-2

Install properly sized propane outlet piping from excess flow valves.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Iowa State Fire Marshal (4 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: June 23, 1999

1998-007-I-IA-3

Develop a program to ensure implementation of the requirements of the National Fire Protection Association's NFPA-58 Standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases, as adopted by Iowa law. Ensure that this program includes, at a minimum the following element: Designation by regulation of the party (such as a facility owner or installer) who is responsible for submitting planned construction or modification documents to the State Fire Marshall.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

1998-007-I-IA-4

Develop a program to ensure implementation of the requirements of the National Fire Protection Association's NFPA-58 Standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases, as adopted by Iowa law. Ensure that this program includes, at a minimum, the following elements: · Procedures for approving the plans for new or modified installations


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

1998-007-I-IA-5

Develop a program to ensure implementation of the requirements of the National Fire Protection Association's NFPA-58 Standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases, as adopted by Iowa law. Ensure that this program includes, at a minimum, the following elements: Procedures governing the issuance and posting of permits authorizing the use of equipment


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

1998-007-I-IA-6

Develop a program to ensure implementation of the requirements of the National Fire Protection Association's NFPA-58 Standard for the Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases, as adopted by Iowa law. Ensure that this program includes, at a minimum, the following elements: · On-site inspections of new, modified, and existing propane and other Liquefied Petroleum Gas storage facilities that are covered by Iowa state law.


Status: Closed - Unacceptable Action/No Response Received
Closed - Unacceptable Action/No Response Received (C - UA/NRR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation and the Board concludes that further correspondence on, or discussion of, the matter would not change the recipient?s position.
 

National Propane Gas Association (NPGA) (2 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: June 23, 1999

1998-007-I-IA-8

Ensure that fire fighter-training materials address proper response procedures for BLEVEs.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

1998-007-I-IA-9

Distribute the CSB findings and recommendations in this report to NPGA members.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Hoeganaes Corporation Fatal Flash Fires (13 Recommendations)
City of Gallatin, TN (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: January 05, 2012

2011-4-I-TN-11

Require all facilities covered by IFC Chapter 13 (2006 edition) to conform to NFPA standards for combustible dusts including NFPA 484.


Status: Closed - Unacceptable Action/No Response Received
Closed - Unacceptable Action/No Response Received (C - UA/NRR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation and the Board concludes that further correspondence on, or discussion of, the matter would not change the recipient?s position.
 

PDF Document Recommendations Status Change Summary

City of Gallatin, TN Fire Department (2 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: January 05, 2012

2011-4-I-TN-12

Ensure that all industrial facilities in the City of Gallatin are inspected periodically against the International Fire Code. All facility inspections shall be documented.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

PDF Document Download

2011-4-I-TN-13

Implement a program to ensure that fire inspectors and response personnel are trained to recognize and address combustible dust hazards.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

PDF Document Download

Hoeganaes Corporation (4 Recommendations)
Open: 100% | Closed: 0%

Final Report Released On: January 05, 2012

2011-4-I-TN-6

Conduct periodic independent audits of the Hoeganaes Gallatin facility for compliance with the following NFPA standards, using knowledgeable experts, and implement all recommended corrective actions:

  • NFPA 484, Standard for Combustible Metals, Metal Powders, and Metal Dusts
  • NFPA 499, Recommended Practice for the Classification of Combustible Dusts and of Hazardous Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas
  • NFPA 497, Recommended Practice for the Classification of Flammable Liquids, Gases, or Vapors and of Hazardous (Classified) Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas
  • NFPA 2, Hydrogen Technologies Code
  • NFPA 2113, Standard on Selection, Care, Use, and Maintenance of Flame-Resistant Garments for Protection of Industrial Personnel Against Flash Fire

 


Status: Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received
Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received (O - UR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation. The Board believes, however, that there is enough supporting evidence to ask the recipient to reconsider.
 

PDF Document Recommendation Status Change Summary

2011-4-I-TN-7

Develop training materials that address combustible dust and plant-specific metal dust hazards and train all employees and contractors. Require periodic (e.g., annual) refresher training for all employees and contractors.


Status: Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response
Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response (O - ARAR) - Response from recipient indicates a planned action that would satisfy the objective of the recommendation when implemented.
 

PDF Document Recommendation Status Change Summary

2011-4-I-TN-8

Implement a preventive maintenance program and leak detection and leak mitigation procedures for all flammable gas piping and gas processing equipment.


Status: Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response
Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response (O - ARAR) - Response from recipient indicates a planned action that would satisfy the objective of the recommendation when implemented.
 

PDF Document Recommendation Status Change Summary

2011-4-I-TN-9

Develop and implement a near-miss reporting and investigation policy that includes the following at a minimum:

  • Ensure facility-wide worker participation in reporting all near-miss events and operational disruptions (such as significant iron powder accumulations, smoldering fires, or unsafe conditions or practices) that could result in worker injury.
  • Ensure that the near-miss reporting program requires prompt investigations, as appropriate, and that results are promptly circulated throughout the Hoeganaes Corporation.
  • Establish roles and responsibilities for the management, execution, and resolution of all recommendations from near-miss investigations
  • Ensure the near-miss program is operational at all times (e.g. nights, weekends, holiday shifts).

 


Status: Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response
Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response (O - ARAR) - Response from recipient indicates a planned action that would satisfy the objective of the recommendation when implemented.
 

PDF Document Recommendation Status Change Summary

International Code Council (ICC) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: January 05, 2012

2011-4-I-TN-4

Revise IFC Chapter 22 Combustible Dust Producing Operations; Section 2204.1 Standards, to require mandatory compliance and enforcement with the detailed requirements of the NFPA standards cited in the chapter, including NFPA 484.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

PDF Document Recommendations Status Change Summary

Metal Powders Producers Association (MPPA) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: January 05, 2012

2011-4-I-TN-10

Communicate the findings of this report to all your members, e.g. through a safety article in an upcoming monthly newsletter.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) (3 Recommendations)
Open: 67% | Closed: 33%

Final Report Released On: January 05, 2012

2011-4-I-TN-1

Ensure that the forthcoming OSHA Combustible Dust Standard includes coverage for combustible metal dusts including iron and steel powders.


Status: Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received
Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received (O - UR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation. The Board believes, however, that there is enough supporting evidence to ask the recipient to reconsider.
 

PDF Document Download

2011-4-I-TN-2

Develop and publish a proposed combustible dust standard for general industry within one year of the approval of this case study.


Status: Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received
Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received (O - UR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation. The Board believes, however, that there is enough supporting evidence to ask the recipient to reconsider.
 

PDF Document Download

2011-4-I-TN-3

Revise the Combustible Dust National Emphasis Program (NEP) to add industry codes for facilities that generate metal dusts (e.g., North American Industrial Classification System, NAICS, code 331111 Iron and Steel Mills, and other applicable codes not currently listed). Send notification letters to all facilities nationwide under these codes to inform them of the
hazards of combustible metal dusts and NEP coverage.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternative Action
Closed - Acceptable Alternative Action (C - AAA)
 

PDF Document Recommendation Status Change Summary

Tennessee Division of Occupational Safety & Health (TOSHA) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: January 05, 2012

2011-4-I-TN-5

Revise the state-adopted Dust National Emphasis Program (NEP) to add industry codes for facilities that generate metal dusts (e.g., North American Industrial Classification System, NAICS, code 331111 Iron and Steel Mills, and other applicable codes not currently listed). Send notification letters to all facilities statewide under these codes to inform them of the
hazards of combustible metal dusts and NEP coverage.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Honeywell Chemical Incidents (29 Recommendations)
American Society for Nondestructive Testing (ASNT) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: August 08, 2005

2003-13-I-LA-28

Communicate the findings and recommendations from the July 20 incident to your membership. Emphasize the need to evaluate test methods for appropriateness in the given equipment.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 100% | Closed: 0%

Final Report Released On: August 08, 2005

2003-13-I-LA-22

Develop guidance on the effective design and maintenance of HVAC systems and other necessary control room components designed to protect employees and equipment in the event of a release of hazardous materials.


Status: Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response
Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response (O - ARAR) - Response from recipient indicates a planned action that would satisfy the objective of the recommendation when implemented.
 

PDF Document Status Change Summary

Baton Rouge Fire Department (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: August 08, 2005

2009-13-I-LA-23

Evaluate and update as necessary community notification procedures to include timely notification of residents in the event of a chemical release. Conduct periodic refresher training with staff on the requirements in the procedures.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Chemical and Metal Industries (C&MI) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: August 08, 2005

2003-13-I-LA-27

Develop formal procedures for disposition of nonconforming materials received from customers. Ensure that procedures include positive identification prior to shipment.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

East Baton Rouge Parish Office of Homeland Security and Emergency (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: August 08, 2005

2003-13-I-LA-24

Conduct an awareness campaign to educate residents on the proper response during a chemical release. Include instructions on the way residents (including those outside the affected area) can obtain information during an emergency.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Honeywell Baton Rouge Facility (13 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: August 08, 2005

2003-13-I-LA-1

Revise inspection and testing procedures to include effective methods for detecting and preventing leaks in coolers that use chlorine. These procedures should include the use of appropriate NDT methods.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-2

Analyze layers of protection installed to prevent possible consequences of failure of heat exchangers that use chlorine, and implement corrective actions as appropriate. Examples of additional measures include installing monitors on the coolant stream to detect the presence of chlorine, and determining the feasibility of operating the coolant stream at a pressure high enough to prevent the entry of chlorine in the event of a leak.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-3

To address ongoing issues regarding layers of protection and leaks in heat exchangers, revise procedures for performing process hazard analyses for equipment that contains hazardous materials such as chlorine to, at a minimum: - Require an evaluation of the effects of leaks in heat exchangers.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

PDF Document Download

2003-13-I-LA-4

To address ongoing issues regarding layers of protection and leaks in heat exchangers, revise procedures for performing process hazard analyses for equipment that contains hazardous materials such as chlorine to, at a minimum: - Consider the layers of protection necessary to prevent a catastrophic incident and require recommendations to be implemented when existing protection is inadequate.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

PDF Document Download

2003-13-I-LA-5

Revise the incident investigation procedure to ensure that odors inside positive pressure control rooms are investigated, the causes identified, and the appropriate corrective actions implemented. Address causes of the releases as well as entry of the material into the building.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-6

Survey units that handle chlorine, and evaluate the effectiveness of shutdown systems for detecting and preventing the release of chlorine. At a minimum, ensure that shutdown systems and procedures are integrated to stop all potential sources of chlorine.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-7

Conduct training to emphasize that MOC evaluations must consider whether emergency shutdown procedures need to be changed when there are changes in material inventory.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-8

Conduct a hazard analysis (such as a job safety analysis) in the ton-cylinder area, incorporate appropriate findings into unit operating procedures, and train personnel accordingly.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-9

Revise plant procedures on receiving cylinders to require that weights be recorded on incoming materials and suspicious materials be isolated so that hazardous materials are handled appropriately.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-10

Revise the personal protective equipment matrix to include requirements for specific activities, such as draining HF equipment. Refer to the HFIPI guidelines as appropriate.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

PDF Document Download

2003-13-I-LA-11

Develop and implement a program for the identification and management of hazards in nonroutine situations. Ensure that this program covers the following: - Situations where employees are unable to follow standard operating procedures, such as properly purging equipment.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-12

Develop and implement a program for the identification and management of hazards in nonroutine situations. Ensure that this program covers the following: - Circumstances where there is no specific formal procedure for handling a highly hazardous chemical.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-13

Develop and implement a program for the identification and management of hazards in nonroutine situations. Ensure that this program covers the following: - Operations following an emergency shutdown.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

PDF Document Download

Honeywell International, Inc. (8 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: August 08, 2005

2003-13-I-LA-14

Develop and implement corporate standards to ensure positive pressure control rooms, including the HVAC systems, are designed and maintained to prevent the short-term entry of hazardous materials. Implement corporate standard changes at the Baton Rouge facility, and other Honeywell facilities as appropriate.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-15

Develop and implement procedures for positively identifying material rejected by contractors such as C&MI so that hazardous materials are handled appropriately.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

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2003-13-I-LA-16

Develop and implement corporate standards for safely handling hydrogen fluoride.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

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2003-13-I-LA-17

In light of the findings of this investigation report, conduct a comprehensive audit of fluorine-based manufacturing facilities in your Specialty Materials group facilities. Ensure that the audit addresses: Thoroughness of hazard analysis and adequacy of safeguards.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-18

In light of the findings of this investigation report, conduct a comprehensive audit of fluorine-based manufacturing facilities in your Specialty Materials group facilities. Ensure that the audit addresses: Recognition and management of nonroutine situations.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-19

In light of the findings of this investigation report, conduct a comprehensive audit of fluorine-based manufacturing facilities in your Specialty Materials group facilities. Ensure that the audit addresses: Adherence to standard operating procedures.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-20

In light of the findings of this investigation report, conduct a comprehensive audit of fluorine-based manufacturing facilities in your Specialty Materials group facilities. Implement the recommendations from the audit and communicate the findings to the work force.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-13-I-LA-21

Communicate the findings and recommendations of this report to your employees at fluorine-based manufacturing facilities in your Specialty Materials group.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Hydrogen Fluoride Industry Practices Institute (HFIPI) (2 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: August 08, 2005

2003-13-I-LA-25

Conduct a survey of members to determine best industry practices for HF handling activities, such as draining equipment, use of open systems, and nonroutine work. Develop best practices guidance as appropriate and communicate it to your members.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

PDF Document Recommendation Status Change Summary

2003-13-I-LA-26

Communicate the findings and recommendations from the August 13 incident to your membership.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

International Brotherhood of Teamsters Local #5 (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: August 08, 2005

2003-13-I-LA-29

Work with Honeywell to communicate the findings and recommendations of this report to your members employed at the Honeywell Baton Rouge Facility.


Status: Closed - Unacceptable Action/No Response Received
Closed - Unacceptable Action/No Response Received (C - UA/NRR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation and the Board concludes that further correspondence on, or discussion of, the matter would not change the recipient?s position.
 

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Imperial Sugar Company Dust Explosion and Fire (11 Recommendations)
AIB International (2 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 24, 2009

2008-05-I-GA-6

Incorporate combustible dust hazard awareness into employee and member companies’ training programs, such as the Safety and Health Management Systems training course. Include combustible dust characteristics, especially ignition energy and minimum explosible concentration; best practices for minimizing dust accumulation, especially on elevated surfaces; and safe housekeeping practices.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2008-05-I-GA-7

Add specific combustible dust inspection requirements and metrics to the Food Contact Packaging Facility audit procedures.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

American Bakers Association (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 24, 2009

2008-05-I-GA-8

Actively promote improvements in combustible dust hazard awareness and control throughout the wholesale baking industry by publishing bulletins or safety guidance that address combustible dust characteristics including ignition energy, minimum explosible concentration, best practices for minimizing dust accumulation, and safe housekeeping practices.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Imperial Sugar Company (5 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 24, 2009

2008-05-I-GA-1

Apply the following standards to the design and operation of the new Port Wentworth facility:

  • NFPA 61: Standard for the Prevention of Fires and Dust Explosions in Agricultural and Food Processing Facilities
  • NFPA 499: Recommended Practice for the Classification of Combustible Dusts and Hazardous (Classified) Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas.
  • NFPA 654:Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids. 
  • NFPA Handbook, Electrical Installations in Hazardous Locations. 
  • NFPA 70 Article 500:Hazardous (Classified) Locations.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2008-05-I-GA-2

Conduct a comprehensive review of all existing Imperial Sugar Company sugar manufacturing facilities against the standards listed in recommendation R1 and implement identified corrective actions.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2008-05-I-GA-3

Implement a corporate-wide comprehensive housekeeping program to control combustible dust accumulation that will ensure sugar dust, cornstarch dust, or other combustible dust does not accumulate to hazardous quantities on overhead horizontal surfaces, packing equipment, and floors.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2008-05-I-GA-4

Develop training materials that address combustible dust hazards and train all employees and contractors at all Imperial Sugar Company facilities. Require periodic (e.g., annual) refresher training for all employees and contractors.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2008-05-I-GA-5

Improve the emergency evacuation policies and procedures at the Port Wentworth facility; specifically,

  • Install an emergency alert (alarm) system in the facility, and
  • Require routine emergency evacuation drills and critiques.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 100% | Closed: 0%

Final Report Released On: September 24, 2009

2008-05-I-GA-11

Proceed expeditiously, consistent with the Chemical Safety Board’s November 2006 recommendation and OSHA’s announced intention to conduct rulemaking, to promulgate a comprehensive standard to reduce or eliminate hazards from fire and explosion from combustible powders and dust.


Status: Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received
Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received (O - UR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation. The Board believes, however, that there is enough supporting evidence to ask the recipient to reconsider.
 

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Risk and Insurance Management Society (RIMS) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 24, 2009

2008-05-I-GA-9

Require member companies to:

  • Develop and implement combustible dust hazard awareness training for all facility audit personnel, and
  • Incorporate combustible dust hazard identification in the audit protocols.


Status: Closed - Reconsidered/Superseded
Closed - Reconsidered/Superseded (C - R/S) - Recipient rejects the recommendation and also supports the rejection with a rationale with which the Board concurs. This designation may apply when later facts indicate that the concerns expressed in the recommendation were actually addressed prior to the incident, or when a recommendation is superseded by a new, more appropriate recommendation.
 

Zurich Services Corporation (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: September 24, 2009

2008-05-I-GA-10

Ensure that all risk engineers are trained in the hazards of combustible dust, and that refresher training occurs at regular intervals. Provide a copy of your combustible dust hazard awareness training materials to your clients who deal with combustible dust.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.