Skip to Main Content

An independent federal agency investigating chemical accidents to protect workers, the public, and the environment.

Text Size AA
PRINT PAGE
West Pharmaceutical Services Dust Explosion and Fire
Location: Kinston, NC
Accident Occurred On: 01/29/2003
Final Report Released On: 09/23/2004
Accident Type: Combustible Dust Explosion and Fire
Company Name: West Pharmaceutical Services

statistics

Total # of Recommendations
9
Total # of Open Recommendations
0
Total # of Closed Recommendations
9
Total % of Open 0 vs. Closed 100

investigation information

Image
Accident Description
On January 29, 2003, an explosion and fire destroyed the West Pharmaceutical Services plant in Kinston, North Carolina, causing six deaths, dozens of injuries, and hundreds of job losses. The facility produced rubber stoppers and other products for medical use. The fuel for the explosion was a fine plastic powder, which accumulated above a suspended ceiling over a manufacturing area at the plant and ignited.
Investigation Status
The Board voted 4-0 to approve the final report on this investigation at a public meeting in Kinston on September 23, 2004.


 

Recommendations

Crystal, Inc. - PMC
2003-07-I-NC-9

Modify the material safety data sheet for manufactured polyethylene antitack agents to include hazards posed by the end-use of the product.

Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

North Carolina Building Code Council
2003-07-I-NC-7

Amend Chapter 13, Section 1304, of the International Fire Code (as adopted by the North Carolina Fire Code) to make compliance with NFPA 654, Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions From the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids, mandatory.

Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

North Carolina Code Officials Qualification Board
2003-07-I-NC-8

Incorporate the provisions of NFPA 654, Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions From the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids, into the training program for State and local building and fire code officials.

Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

North Carolina Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Division (NCOSHA)
2003-07-I-NC-6

Identify the manufacturing industries at risk for combustible dust explosions, and develop and conduct an outreach program on combustible dust hazards.

Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

West Pharmaceutical Services, Inc.
2003-07-I-NC-1

Revise policies and procedures for new material safety reviews. In particular: Use the most recent versions of material safety data sheets (MSDSs) and other technical hazard information. Fully identify the hazardous characteristics of new materials, including relevant physical and chemical properties, to ensure that those characteristics are incorporated into safety practices, as appropriate. Include an engineering element that identifies and addresses the potential safety implications of new materials on manufacturing processes.

Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-07-I-NC-2

Develop and implement policies and procedures for safety reviews of engineering projects. In particular: Address the hazards of individual materials and equipment? and their effect on entire processes and facilities. Consider hazards during the conceptual design phase, as well as during engineering and construction phases. Cover all phases of the project, including engineering and construction performed by outside firms. Identify and consider applicable codes and standards in the design.

Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-07-I-NC-3

Identify West manufacturing facilities that use combustible dusts. Ensure that they incorporate applicable safety precautions described in NFPA 654, Standard for the Prevention of Fire and Dust Explosions From the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids. In particular: Ensure that penetrations of partitions, floors, walls, and ceilings are sealed dust-tight. Ensure that spaces inaccessible to housekeeping are sealed to prevent dust accumulation.

Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-07-I-NC-4

Improve hazard communication programs so that the hazards of combustible dust are clearly identified and communicated to the workforce. In particular, ensure that the most current MSDSs are in use and that employees receive training on the revised/updated information.

Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

2003-07-I-NC-5

Communicate the findings and recommendations of this report to the West Pharmaceutical Services, Inc., workforce.

Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

 
 

Related News

In Safety Message, CSB Chairperson Rafael Moure-Eraso Calls for Regulatory Coverage of Reactive Chemicals Following the West Fertilizer Explosion and Fire
8/20/2013
In a new video safety message released today, CSB Chairperson Rafael Moure-Eraso calls for regulatory coverage of reactive chemicals following the massive ammonium nitrate explosion that killed at least 14 people and devastated the town of West, Texas, on April 17, 2013.
read more
U.S. Chemical Safety Board Determines OSHA Response to Seven Open CSB Recommendations on Dust, Fuel Gas, and Process Safety Management to be “Unacceptable;” Board Votes to Designate a Combustible Dust Standard as “Most Wanted”
7/25/2013
U.S. Chemical Safety Board Determines OSHA Response to Seven Open CSB Recommendations on Dust, Fuel Gas, and Process Safety Management to be “Unacceptable;” Board Votes to Designate a Combustible Dust Standard as “Most Wanted”
read more
 
 
© csb.gov. All rights reserved