Recent Recommendation Status Updates

Each recommendation the CSB issues is monitored by CSB staff from the time it is issued to closing. CSB staff evaluate recipient responses, and the Board votes to assign status designations to recommendations based on staff evaluation. This page highlights recommendations for which the Board has recently voted to change the status of the recommendation. For more information on how the CSB defines its recommendation statuses, please visit the Recommendations Frequently Asked Questions page.

 

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Recommendations

Macondo Blowout and Explosion (1 Recommendations)
Ocean Energy Safety Institute (1 Recommendations)
Open: 100% | Closed: 0%

Final Report Released On: April 20, 2016

2010-10-I-OS-10

Conduct further study on riser gas unloading scenarios, testing, and modeling and publish a white paper containing technical guidance that communicates findings and makes recommendations for industry safety improvements.


Status: Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response
Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response (O - ARAR) - Response from recipient indicates a planned action that would satisfy the objective of the recommendation when implemented.
 

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Arkema Inc. Chemical Plant Fire (1 Recommendations)
Arkema Inc. (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: May 24, 2018

2017-08-I-TX-2

Within 18 months, develop a policy requiring that Arkema and its subsidiaries that manufacture organic peroxides or that have processes which involve more than the threshold quantities of highly hazardous chemicals (HHC) periodically (corresponding with PHA cycle), analyze such facilities to determine whether they are at risk for extreme weather events such as hurricanes or floods.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Closed - Acceptable Action (C - AA) - The recipient has completed action on the recommendation. The action taken meets the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

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NDK Crystal Inc. Explosion with Offsite Fatality (1 Recommendations)
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: November 14, 2013

2010-04-I-IL-1

Revise the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code to include specific material thickness limitations for the design of pressure-containing components to ensure proper heat treatment and avoid environmentally induced damage mechanisms. Clarify required vessel wall thickness limitations for SA-723 steel in the following code sections:
a) ASME BPVC Section II, Part A, Material Requirements
b) ASME BPVC Section VIII, Division III, Article KM-400, Material Design Data


Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternative Action
Closed - Acceptable Alternative Action (C - AAA)
 

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Pryor Trust Fatal Gas Well Blowout and Fire (2 Recommendations)
Pason Systems Corp. (2 Recommendations)
Open: 50% | Closed: 50%

Final Report Released On: June 12, 2019

2018-01-I-OK-15

Design the Pason user interface to allow drilling contractors to pre-set different alarms for different operations (e.g., different alarm configurations for drilling, tripping, circulating, and surface operations in a “state-based” alarm system).


Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternative Action
Closed - Acceptable Alternative Action (C - AAA)
 

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2018-01-I-OK-16

Design the Pason electronic drilling data system so that alarm information, including alarm set points, alarm activation log, alarm horn status (on or off), and alarm system status (on or off) is provided to customers.


Status: Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response
Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response (O - ARAR) - Response from recipient indicates a planned action that would satisfy the objective of the recommendation when implemented.
 

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Oil Site Safety (1 Recommendations)
Texas Railroad Commission (RRC) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: October 27, 2011

2011-H-1-4

Amend state oil and gas regulations to:

a) Protect storage tanks at exploration and production sites from public access by requiring sufficient security measures, such as full fencing with a locked gate, hatch locks on tank manways, and barriers securely attached to tank external ladders and stairways.

b) Require hazards signs or placards on or near tanks that identify the fire and explosion hazards using words and symbols recognizable to the general public.

c) Require the use of inherently safer tank design features such as flame arrestors, pressure vacuum vents, floating roofs, vapor recovery systems or an equivalent alternative to prevent the ignition of a flammable atmosphere inside the tank.


Status: Closed - Unacceptable Action/No Response Received
Closed - Unacceptable Action/No Response Received (C - UA/NRR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation and the Board concludes that further correspondence on, or discussion of, the matter would not change the recipient?s position.
 

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Donaldson Enterprises, Inc. Fatal Fireworks Disassembly Explosion and Fire (1 Recommendations)
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 100% | Closed: 0%

Final Report Released On: January 17, 2013

2011-06-I-HI-12

Effectively participate in the National Fire Protection Association’s standard development process to develop guidance on the safe disposal of fireworks, as recommended under recommendation 2011-06-I-HI-R7.


Status: Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received
Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received (O - UR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation. The Board believes, however, that there is enough supporting evidence to ask the recipient to reconsider.
 

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AL Solutions Fatal Dust Explosion (4 Recommendations)
AL Solutions, Inc. (2 Recommendations)
Open: 100% | Closed: 0%

Final Report Released On: July 16, 2014

2011-3-I-WV-1

For all new and existing equipment and operations at AL Solutions facilities that process combustible dusts or powders, apply the following chapters of NFPA 484-2012, Standard for Combustible Metals:

  • Chapter 12, Titanium
  • Chapter 13, Zirconium
  • Chapter 15, Fire Prevention, Fire Protection, and Emergency Response
  • Chapter 16, Combustible Metal Recycling Facilities

Status: Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received
Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received (O - UR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation. The Board believes, however, that there is enough supporting evidence to ask the recipient to reconsider.
 

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2011-3-I-WV-2

Develop training materials that address combustible dust hazards and plant-specific metal dust hazards and then train all employees and contractors.  Require periodic (e.g., annual) refresher training for all employees and contractors.


Status: Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received
Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received (O - UR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation. The Board believes, however, that there is enough supporting evidence to ask the recipient to reconsider.
 

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AL Solutions, Inc. facility in Burgettstown, PA (2 Recommendations)
Open: 100% | Closed: 0%

Final Report Released On: July 16, 2014

2011-3-I-WV-3

Prohibit the use of sprinkler systems and water deluge systems in all buildings that process or store combustible metals.


Status: Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received
Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received (O - UR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation. The Board believes, however, that there is enough supporting evidence to ask the recipient to reconsider.
 

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2011-3-I-WV-4

Conduct a process hazard analysis as defined in NFPA 484-2012, Section 12.2.5, and submit a copy to the local fire department or the enforcing authority for the fire code.


Status: Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received
Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received (O - UR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation. The Board believes, however, that there is enough supporting evidence to ask the recipient to reconsider.
 

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BP America Refinery Explosion (1 Recommendations)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: March 20, 2007

2005-4-I-TX-8

1. Strengthen the planned comprehensive enforcement of the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) standard. At a minimum: a. Identify those facilities at greatest risk of a catastrophic accident by using available indicators of process safety performance and information gathered by the EPA under its Risk Management Program (RMP). b. Conduct, or have conducted, comprehensive inspections, such as those under your Program Quality Verification (PQV) program at facilities identified as presenting the greatest risk. c. Establish the capacity to conduct more comprehensive PSM inspections by hiring or developing a sufficient cadre of highly trained and experienced inspectors. d. Expand the PSM training offered to inspectors at the OSHA National Training Institute.


Status: Closed - Acceptable Alternative Action
Closed - Acceptable Alternative Action (C - AAA)
 

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Bethune Point Wastewater Plant Explosion (1 Recommendations)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: March 13, 2007

2006-3-I-FL-6

Revise 29 CFR 1910.106 to specifically exclude the use of thermoplastics in above ground flammable liquid service.


Status: Closed - Reconsidered/Superseded
Closed - Reconsidered/Superseded (C - R/S) - Recipient rejects the recommendation and also supports the rejection with a rationale with which the Board concurs. This designation may apply when later facts indicate that the concerns expressed in the recommendation were actually addressed prior to the incident, or when a recommendation is superseded by a new, more appropriate recommendation.
 

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Enterprise Pascagoula Gas Plant Explosion and Fire (3 Recommendations)
GPA Midstream Association (3 Recommendations)
Open: 100% | Closed: 0%

Final Report Released On: February 13, 2019

2016-02-I-MS-2

Revise GPA Technical Bulletin: Brazed Aluminum Heat Exchangers, or develop a new bulletin, to incorporate the significant lessons learned from this incident, including but not limited to:

a. information on the potential of both minor leaks and catastrophic failure as a result of thermal fatigue;

b. clarification on the optimal placement of BAHX temperature and pressure sensors to better monitor operating conditions, including temperature rates of change; and

c. clarification on the need to safely vent layers that have been blocked off after interpass leak repairs, in all BAHX configurations.


Status: Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response
Open - Acceptable Response or Alternate Response (O - ARAR) - Response from recipient indicates a planned action that would satisfy the objective of the recommendation when implemented.
 

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2016-02-I-MS-3

Develop a database for operators to submit BAHX operational data for collaborative industry learning and analysis. Encourage your members to submit pressure and temperature data associated with the entire service life of brazed aluminum heat exchangers as well as the date(s) of leak(s) or failure(s) for each exchanger on which data is being submitted. At a minimum this system should:

a. provide a way to anonymously input data into the database;

b. specify the time interval between measurements such that data can be normalized across different exchangers; and

c. capture the type of service in which the exchanger was operating.


Status: Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received
Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received (O - UR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation. The Board believes, however, that there is enough supporting evidence to ask the recipient to reconsider.
 

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2016-02-I-MS-4

Using available operational process data of BAHXs in midstream gas plant operation collected in fulfillment of 2016-02-I-MS-R3, continue data analysis efforts to determine what, if any, correlation exists between operational process data and the frequency or timing of thermal fatigue-generated cracking to more accurately predict the service life of a BAHX.

Should predictors be identified, develop and offer to your members industry tools, techniques, or criteria for estimating when thermal fatigue warrants preemptive replacement of a BAHX (e.g., risk assessment tools or damage rate calculations).


Status: Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received
Open - Unacceptable Response/No Response Received (O - UR) - Recipient responds by expressing disagreement with the need outlined in the recommendation. The Board believes, however, that there is enough supporting evidence to ask the recipient to reconsider.
 

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AirGas Facility Fatal Explosion (1 Recommendations)
Air Liquide (1 Recommendations)
Open: 0% | Closed: 100%

Final Report Released On: April 20, 2017

2016-04-I-FL-1

The goal of 2016-04-I-FL-R1 is to prevent all nitrous oxide explosions at its facilities, while preventing harm to workers and the public.

Following the August 28, 2016, incident, the company began a comprehensive initiative to review its nitrous oxide production facilities, trucking fleet, and cylinder-filling operations.  The scope of the ongoing Air Liquide initiative is shown in Table 1. 

Complete the development and implementation of the company’s nitrous oxide business process safety initiative as shown in Table 1, consistent with the findings, conclusions, and recommendations contained in this report. 


Status: Closed - Exceeds Recommended Action
Closed - Exceeds Recommended Action (C - ERA) - Action on the recommendation meets and surpasses the objectives envisioned by the Board.
 

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