Process Safety Management Fact Sheet

Safety Spotlight: State Advances in Driving Chemical Safety


Major chemical incidents can be prevented by applying process safety management principles. Process safety management (PSM) is the control of process hazards in order to prevent process-related injuries and incidents. The CSB has conducted seven investigations with 26 resulting recommendations relating to improving state and federal process safety management programs.

Process safety regulations in the U.S. have undergone little reform since their inception in the 1990s. Following the April 2013 explosion and fire that occurred at a fertilizer storage and distribution facility in West, Texas, President Obama issued Executive Order 13650, Improving Chemical Facility Safety and Security. The Executive Order tasked a working group of federal agencies tasked with modernizing policies, regulations, and standards to improve the safety and security of chemical facilities.

Although recently there have been some positive initial steps taken toward significant improvement in process safety, more must be done to protect worker safety, public health, and the environment. 

In the United States, process safety is regulated at the federal level by two programs:

The below discusses each program and the actions taken by each to date:






CSB Recommendations

Risk Management Plan rule (RMP)

Safety and health of the community

Environmental Protection Agency

40 CFR 68

EPA published the final amendments to the Risk Management Program Rule on January 13, 2017

• Include reactive chemicals, high and/or low explosives, and ammonium nitrate as regulated substances.

•Enhance development and reporting of worst case and alternate release scenarios; and

• Add new prevention program requirements, including automated detection and monitoring, contractor selection and oversight, public disclosure of information, and, for petroleum refineries, attributes of goal-setting regulatory approaches.

Full CSB Response to Request for Information (RFI)

CSB response to the EPA's March 14, 2016, Proposed Rule, “Accidental Release Prevention Requirements: Risk Management Programs Under the Clean Air Action, Section 112(r)(7).

Process Safety Management Program (PSM)

Minimizing risks to employees


Occupational Safety and Health Administration

29 CFR 1910.119

OSHA initiated the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness (SBREFA) panel

•Include the Oil and Gas Sector and reactive chemicals in the rule’s coverage.

• Provide stop work authority to employees;

• Update existing Process Hazard Analysis requirements to include the documented use of inherently safer systems, hierarchy of controls, damage mechanism hazard reviews, and sufficient and adequate safeguards;

• Develop requirements for facility/process siting and human factors

• Require coordination of covered facility emergency plans with local emergency response authorities; and

• Permit third-party compliance audits.

Full CSB Response to Request for Information (RFI)

Last Updated February 1, 2017